Producers committed to coexistence use a mix of practices to succeed. There is no one-size-fits-all solution to living with wildlife. Rather, by observing area wildlife and varying practices to fit changing conditions, a wide range of producers have innovated means that work in their environs.
Predator Friendly® practices include:
• Using guardian animals such as llamas, donkeys and dogs to keep livestock safe
• Scheduling pasture use when predation pressure is low
• Grazing cattle with smaller livestock to protect sheep, goats and calves
• Timing calving and lambing to avoid predation risk
• Lambing in sheds, secure fenced lots or protected pastures
• Making frequent and unpredictable patrols in pastures
• Protecting vulnerable animals by fencing out predators
• Learning the ecology and habits of area wildlife
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife has an excellent Living with Wildlife series that explains the instincts and requirements of many species and includes detailed conflict prevention and fencing recommendations.
The Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management offers links to university extension publications.