This study comes out of Missoula, Montana, but is applicable here in NM as well. Read the full report here: ASM Online Journals – Food availability and foraging near human developments by black bears.
The upshot is, if you’ve got fruit trees, you have one of the most reliable attractants for bringing bears to your yard, even more so than garbage cans, this study found. Surprisingly, even with wild foods nearby or in village yards, the bears still preferred to eat the fruit and other tender greens being grown domestically. Black Bears are so much like people, which makes their behavior predictable, but still challenging to live with.
With a good soil moisture base coming into the winter, and now with sporadic snows in Dec. and Feb., there may be some good set of wild foods for bears this year.